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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
IC 402 Engineering Management
EL 403 Power Systems
EL 404 Circuit and Field Theory
EL 405 Electrical Machines
EL 406 Measurements and Control
EL 407 Design of Electrical Systems
Group I Power Systems
EL 411 Energy Systems
EL 412 Power Electronics
EL 413 High Voltage Engineering and Power Apparatus
EL 414 Power System Performance
EL 415 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
Group II Electrical Machines and Drives
EL 421 Advanced Aspects of Electrical Machines
EL 422 Power Electronics
EL 423 Electrical Drives
EL 424 Electrical Power Utilization
EL 425 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
Group III Control and Instrumentation
EL 431 Control Theory
EL 432 Power Electronics
EL 433 Process Control Systems
EL 434 Instrumentation Systems
EL 435 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
Group A
Management and Organisations
Management process: Definition, planning organizing, directing, controlling, coordinating, types of management.
Organisation Definition, planning, design and development, types of organizations.
Management planning and control: Classical, new classical and modern principles. General Management, scientific management, engineering, management, systems management.
Planning: Procedures, resources and constraints, objectives, goals, policies and procedures.
Control: Setting of reference or standards, appraisal or evaluation, monitoring and controlling, types of control.
Human resource planning and management, selection, recruitment, training, retraining, skill development, competence development, promotion and career development, participative management, trade unions, and collective bargaining,
Management of Physical Resources
Plant: site selection procedures, factors affecting selection. Layouttypes and relative merits and demerits, MaintenanceObjectives, different types of associated decisions, strategies for effective maintenance, computer applications.
Material : Functions, objectives, planning and control including inventory models with or without storage costs, price break ( excluding dynamic and probabilistic considerations). Different classes of inventory. Material Requirement Planning (MRP).
Group B
Financial management: Introduction to standard forms of financial statements, i.e., balancesheet, profit and loss, and income statement. Fixed and current asset items. Fixed and current liability items. Linkage of two successive balancesheets through income or profit and loss statement. Funds flow statement. Financial ratios and their implications.
Managerial economics: Concepts, theory of production, marginal productivity and cost. Introduction to theory of firm.
Quality management: Quality definition, quality planning, quality control and quality management, Total quality management, ISO 9000 systems, simple quality control techniques like control charts and acceptance sampling.
Marketing management consumer behavior, market research, product design and development pricing and promotion.
Project management: Introduction. Concept of a project, project management concepts, project simulation, cost or project and means of financing, economic evaluation criteria of the project, project implementation, project planning, scheduling and monitoring, project control (PERT, CPM techniques including crashing). Project evaluation.
Information technology and management. Role of information, management information system and decision support system, Information technologyintroduction to ebusiness, ecommerce and integration tools like enterprise resource planning (ERP).
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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
Group A
Generation of electrical power: Conventional and nonconventional methods. Typical layout of thermal and hydro power stationsmain and auxiliary equipment.
Load management: Base and peak loads. Load curves Definitions of load factor, diversity factor, demand factor. Capacity planning. Load forecasting. Capital and running costs for different types of plants. Different electricity tariffsflat rate, two part and TOD tariff.
Generator excitation systems: Speed and excitation control of generators. Load sharing of generators in a system.
Stability of power system: Definitions of transient and steady state stability. Swing equation and its solution by stepbystep method. Equal area criterion for transient stability.
Group B
Transmission of electrical power: Overhead and underground transmission line configurations. Materials for transmission line conductors and insulators. Power station and substation switchyard and layouts. ACSR conductors, bundled conductors. Overhead line poles, towers and cross arms.' Single and double circuit lines.
Untransposed and transposed 3phase transmission lines. Overhead, line sag calculation. Effect of wind pressure and ice loading on transmission lines.
Transmission line parameters: Resistance, inductance and capacitance calculations. Skin and proximity effects. Corona and radio interference of EHV lines. Voltage distribution in suspension insulators. String efficiency. Different types of cables. Capacitance of cables. Intersheath grading.
Performance of short transmission lines: Line loss, efficiency and regulation of line. Zero regulation condition of power transmission.
Performance of medium transmission lines: Nominal T and ^ representation. Regulation and efficiency of medium lines.
Performance of long transmission lines: Equivalent T and ^ representations. Propagation constant and characteristic impedance of a long line. Ferranti effect. urge impedance loading. Infinite line. Wavelength of line. Determination of A, B, C, D constants of transmission lines.
Transmission line charts: Power factor and power angle of a transmission line. Power angle diagram of an interconnector. Use of shunt and series capacitor in a transmission line.
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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
Group A
Circuit Theory
Graph of a network. Concept of tree, loop current and node pair voltage. Tie set and tie set matricescut set and cut set matrices. Solution of equilibrium equations on loop and node basis. Application of Laplace transforms for solving transient equations of electrical circuits. initial and final value theorems. Unit step, impulse and ramp inputs. Laplace transform for shifted and singular functions. The. convolution integral. Fourier series and its applications. Exponential form of the Fourier series. Relation between frequency spectra and. Laplace transform of the Fourier series. The concept of complex frequency, transform impedance and admittance; series and parallel. combinations.
Network theorems: Thevenin, Norton, Reciprocity, Superposition and Telegen. Terminals and ports. Driving point and transfer impedances. Splane representation: Poles and zeros. Time domain behaviour from pole and zero plots. Procedure for finding network functions for general twoport network. Radian frequency and sinusoidal network functions in terms of poles and zeros. Resonance, Qfactor and bandwidth. Asymptotic change of magnitude with frequency in terms of poles and zeros. The symmetrical lattice..
Group B
Field Theory
Vectors and vector calculus. Gradient, divergence and curl of a vector. Gauss, Stokes and Helmholtz theorems.
Electrostatics: Potential and electric field intensity. Conducting boundaries, Coaxial spheres and cylinders. Laplace's and Poisson's equations. Electrostatic energy. Uniqueness theorem. Method of images; dipoles. Dielectric polarisation, electric flux density, permittivity. Boundary conditions. Stationary currents. Ohm's law; E.M.F. conservation of charge. Resistance of arbitrary shaped conductors. Boundary conditions and refraction, current flow lines. Numerical solutions of Laplace's equation by the method of iterations.
Magneto static : Magnetic field intensity and flux density. Vector potential. Magnetic dipole. Divergence of B. Ampere's law of force. Ampere's circuital law. Differential equation for vector potential. Magnetic polarisation and permeability. Boundary conditions for and H.
Time varying fields: Faraday's law. Dynamically and statically induced E.M.F's. Inductance and stored energy. Hysteresis loss, Maxwell's equations. Displacement current. Deviation of generalised wave equations from v1axwell's equations for the magnetic vector potential. specialization to Eddy current or diffusion equations and non dissipative wave equations.
Plane wave propagation and eddy current phenomenon as solutions of the above relevant equations. Reflection and refraction of plane waves at the plane boundary of electromagnetic media.
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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
Group A
D.C. machines: Parallel operations of D.c. generators. Speed control of D.c. motors. Testing of D.c. motors.
Transformers: Construction of 3phase transformers. Vector groupings. Connections of 3phase transformers Star, delta, zigzag, Scott and Vee connections. Grounding transformers. On load tap changing arrangement of transformers. .
Synchronous machines: Regulation of synchronous generators. Salient pole synchronous machines. Direct and quadrature axis reactances. Synchronisation of 3phase generators.
Starting of synchronous motors. Vcurves for synchronous motors. Synchronous condensers. Load and torque angles of synchronous machines.
Group B
Threephase induction motors: Torqueslip characteristics. Starting maximum and pull out torques. Circle diagram of induction motors. Starters for induction motor. Speed control of induction motor. Testing of induction motor.
Singlephase A.C. motors: Working principle and performance of split phase shaded pole and capacitor , motors. Series motor, repulsion motor.
Servo motors: D.C. and A.C.
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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
Group A
Measurements
Units and standards. Measurement of electric quantities such as voltage, current and power and power factor at various frequencies.
High and low value resistance measurement. A.C. potentiometer. A.C. bridges: Owen, Anderson al Schering. Magnetic measurements: Flux, permeability a. B H loop.
High voltage measurements: D.C, A.c. and impulse. Frequency and time interval measurement.
Group B
Control
Open loop and closed loop control systems. Concept of linear and nonlinear systems. Transfer functions a block diagrams. Signal flow graph.
State variables: State equations. Matrix representation of state equations. Relationship between state equations and transfer functions.
Time response: Transient analysis of feedback systems  First and second order systems. Steady state error and error coefficients.
Frequency response: Polar plots, Bode plots, logarithmic vs. phase plots.
Stability: Concept and determination of absolute stability. Routh's criterion. Nyquist criterion. Rela1 stability. Determination of gain and phase margin from Nyquist and Bode plots.
Root locus: Definitions. Construction of root loci. Root contours, S plane analysis of systems.
Control system components: D.C. and A.C. tachogenerator, synchros, D.C. and A.C. preamplifier Servo potentiometers and gyroscopes.
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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
Group A
Design of load boxes and rheostats.
DC machine design: Main dimensions, output equation, choice of number of poles, choice of type of winding, design of commutator and brush gear, design of field poles and field windings.
Armature windings: Basic principles and classification of armature windings, single layer and double layer windings, simple and multiple windings. Different types of AC windings, commutator windings, AC winding factors. Armature reaction in AC machines, causes and elimination of harmonies. Skin effect and eddy current losses in armature conductors. Design of different types of motor starters, field regulators.
Group B
Transformer design: Singlephase and threephase main dimensions, core and winding design, magnetizing current, losses, reactance of windings, tank design.
Induction motor design: Threephasemain dimensions. Stator and rotor windings. Calculation of no load and pull out currents. Torque and speed calculations.
Distribution design: Fixing location of distribution transformer. Plotting of load curves and determination of maximum demand. Design of distributors and feeders. Design of domestic wiring.
Group A
Sources of conventional energy. Fossil fuels—solid fossil fuel—coal and lignite, formation, physical properties and chemical properties. Combustion equations. Coal analyses—proximate and ultimate, determination of air/fuel ratio for coalfired boilers.
Liquid and gaseous fossil fuels: Petroleum and natural gas. Physical and chemical properties. Combustion equations. Manufactured and byproduct gases composition, heating value, use. Air/fuel ratio for liquid and gaseous fuel boilers.
Cogeneration and combined cycle generation. Fiuidised bed combustion. Nuclear fission reactions: Fuel isotope energy release in fission. Fertile isotopes.
Converter and breeder reactors. Nuclear fusionfusion reactions. Energy release in fusion. Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear fusion.
Hydro energy; Run of the river and pumped storage systems. Energy and power equations. Available water head. Impulse and reaction type hydro turbines.
Environmental effects of conventional energy conversion. Energy conservation and energy audit.
Group B
Different forms of nonconventional energy sources: Solar, wind, geothermal, ocean, biogas, etc.
Two types of nonconventional energy conversion processes: a) Direct conversion to electrical energy, viz, photovoltaic, fuel cells, etc.; b) Primary conversion to nonelectrical energy viz. solarthermal, windturbine, oceanthermal, tidal, etc.
Solar: Terrestrial solar radiation, solarthermal conversion, techniques of collection, storage and utilization, types of solar collectors, selective surfaces, thermal processes, power generation, etc.
Photoelectric effect, solar cells, crystalline and amorphous semiconductors as solar cell materials, equivalent circuit and efficiency considerations.
Wind: Principles of wind power, windturbine operation, state characteristics, small machines, large machines.
Geothermal and ocean: Origin and types of geothermal energy, vapour dominated systems, liquid dominated systems, flashedsteam type.
Ocean temperature differences, open cycle, closed cycle, oceanwaves, energy and power from wave, tides, simple single pool tidal system.
Biogas: Biogas conversion mechanisms, source of waste, simple digester, composition and calorific value of biogas.
Chemical: Principles of electrochemical cell operation, fuel cells, different components of fuel cells, hydrogenoxygen fuel cells, hydrocarbon fuel cells, Faraday's law of electrolysis and thermodynamics of electrochemical energy conversion, ideal cell voltage, ideal cell efficiency, practical limitations.
Comparative study of conventional and nonconventional energy conversion as regards efficiency, economics and environmental effects.
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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
Group A
Devices
Power diodes, uncontrolled rectification and power loss during transients. Bipolar junction transistor. Power MOSFET, IGBT, GTO and LASCR, UJT, UJT oscillator, its design and frequency stability.
Driver circuit, pulse transformer and opto coupler. Thyristor, 2transistor analogy, triggering circuits, dv/dt and di/dt protections, snubber circuit and its design.
Cooling and head sinks. Natural and forced commutations. DC choppers, stepdown and stepup operations, thyristor choppers and switching mode regulators.
Group B
Applications
Bl2, M2, B6 and M6 half/full controlled circuits with R and RL loads. Principle of phase control, circuits for control and UPS. lO and 30 cycloconverter and harmonic reduction.
Inverters: Series inverter, domestic inverter, PWM inverter, auxiliary commutated thyristor inverters, complementary commutated thyristor inverters, currentsource inverters, 12pulse converters and hvdc link.
D.C. drives: onephase semiconverter/fullconverter drives, 3phase semiconverter/full/dualconverter drives, 2/4quadrant chopper drives.
Induction motor drives, V/f control and closedloop control.
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Download Syllabus of Section B (Electrical Engineering) for AMIE Exams
Group A
Breakdown phenomena: Breakdown of gaseous medium, mechanism of charge multiplication, secondary emission, Townsend theory, Streamer theory, Paschens law, corona, effect of polarity of voltage on corona and breakdown process.
Breakdown of solid: Intrinsic breakdown, thermal breakdown, electromechanical breakdown, streamer breakdown.
Breakdown of liquid: Breakdown of commercial liquid, cavitation theory, bubble theory, suspended particle theory.
Insulating materials. Properties of traditional insulating materials, SF^, vacuum, air, insulating oils, ceramics, epoxy resins, PVC, PTFF, PMMC, fibre glass, polyethylene.
Insulation resistance. Tacking index. Electrical and mechanical properties of insulators used in transmission line. Different types of line insulators. String efficiency, bushings, general design approach of bushing.
Cables: Different types of cables. Paper insulated cables, XLPE cables, gasfilled cables, technology and principles. Generation of travelling waves in transmission lines, reflection and transmission constants.
Power system grounding: Solid grounding, resistance grounding, reactance grounding, grounding through earthing transformer, resonant grounding.
Group B
Voltage surges: Lightning phenomena, lightning induced overvoltage, direct stroke, indirect strokeProtection of power stations and substations and transmission line against direct strokes.
Protection of electrical apparatus against travelling waves. Lightning arrestors—expulsion type, valve type, magnetic blowout type and metal oxide type.
Insulation coordination: Determination of the line insulation, basic impulse level and insulation level of substation equipment. Selection of lightning arrester. Establishment of impulse withstand level. Overvoltage due to switching. Reduction of switching overvoltage.
Generation of high voltage and current in high voltage laboratory. Generation of high AC, DC and impulse voltage. Generation of high impulse current, impulse generator, testing transformer, source resonant circuit.
Nondestructive testing of materials and electrical apparatus. Measurement of DC resistivity, measurement of dielectric constant and loss factors, partial discharge measurement.
Preventive testing of insulation: High voltage testing of insulators, bushings, cables and transformers. High voltage testing of surge diverters.
Group A
An overview of modern power system: Layout of typical power system—generating station, substation, transformer, transmission line, distribution, load. Symbols and circuit representation of various components of the system. Single line diagram.
Per unit method of calculation: Base quantities and per unit values, modification of per unit values due to change of base, equivalent circuit of transformer on per unit basis, choice of base quantities for power system analysis, advantages of per unit method of calculation, per unit impedance diagram of a power system.
Symmetrical components: Transformation of voltage, current and impedance to symmetrical component system, complex power in terms of transformed voltage and currents, positive, negative and zero sequence impedances of different power system components; equivalent circuits in terms of symmetrical component quantities, advantage of symmetrical component representation.
Fault studies: Symmetrical threephase fault calculation, fault MVA and circuit breaker capacity, current limiting reactor, their placement and usefulness.
Unsymmetrical faults, classification, analysis of LG, LL and LLG fault using symmetrical components, equivalent circuit for representation of different kinds of faults, calculation of fault current and postfault voltages. Arcing ground, its consequences and remedy.
Load flow study: The basic load flow problem and its importance, classification of system bus bars, formulation of load flow equations using bus admittance matrix, tteiative solution of load flow equations by GaussSeidel method, acceleration for convergence.
Economic load despatch: Generation cost, incremental cost, optimal loading of generators on a common bus bar, transmission loss formula, incremental transmission loss, generation scheduling taking care of transmission loss.
Group B
High voltage d.c. transmission: Historical review, merits and limitations of d.c. transmission, kinds of d.c. links, constitution of d.c. links, terminal equipment transformer, converter, choke and filter; gate control and operation of threephase thyristor bridge as rectifier and inverter, relationship between input and output voltage and current in the bridge convener, active and reactive power; control of current andvoltage in a d.c. link, backtoback connection and its usefulness.
Power system control: Automatic load frequency and voltage control, speed governor, load sharing among synchronous generators, exciter, brushless excitation system.
Power system stability: Transient power output of a synchronous machine, effect of voltage regulator and governor on enhancement of transient stability. The swing equations in multimachine system, numerical method of solution of swing equations and assessment of transient stability.
Power system protection: Electromagnetic relays,
construction and operating principle of attracted armature, induction disc and induction cup type relay, inverse time lag relay, plug setting and time setting arrangement.
Overvoltage, overcurrent, earth fault and neutral displacement protection. Primary and backup protection, coordination of overcurrent relays in radial feeder protection, directional overcurrent relay, ring main and parallel feeder protection.
Distance protection for transmission lines, three zone protection, tripping circuit, impedance setting for earth fault and phase fault types relays. Errors in distance measurement, arcing fault, power swing, directional, reactance, mho, ohm and quadrilateral characteristics.
Differential protection schemes for generator and transformer, other protections of generator and transformer.
Pilot wire relays for feeders and cables, carrier relaysblocking and intertripping schemes, carrier equipment, carrier phase comparison.
Group A
Microprocessor architecture and microcomputer systems, memory systems, input and output devices. Number systems—binary, hexadecimal and BCD numbers, 2s complement and arithmetic operations.
8085 microprocessor architecture. Memory interfacingaddress decoding techniques, memory read and write operations. Memory map. Interfacing I/O devicesMemorymapped I/O and I/O mapped I/O. Polled and interrupt modes of data transfer. 8085 interrupts, direct memory access. Introduction to 16bit microprocessor using 8086 as an example. Concept of debugger and MASM/TASM for PC assembly language programming.
Peripheral devices. 8255 programmable peripheral interface, 8253 programmable counter timer, serial communication with SID and SOD, 8251 programmable communication interface, 8259 programmable interrupt controller, keyboard and display devices.
8085 assembly language programming: 8085 instructions—addressing modes. Stack and subroutines. 8085 programmer's modelCPU registers. Addition, subtraction and multiplication routines. Software delay and counting routines. Logical operations. Analog and digital I/O interface routines—ADC and DAC.
Software development systems: Assemblers and crossassemblers. Microprocessor applications. Microprocessorbased system design aids and troubleshooting techniques.
Group B
Introduction to microcontroller: Comparison of various microcontrollers. 8051 microcontroller architecture. Bidirectional data ports, internal ROM and RAM, counters/timers. Oscillator and clock.
8051 registers. Memory organisations—program memory and data memory, internal RAM and bit addressable memory, special functions, registers, memory map.
External memory systems and I/O interface. Accessing external program memory, accessing external data memory, available I/O ports during external memory access. Alternate port functions. Serial interface. 8031 interrupts. Power down modes.
8051 assembly language programming. 8051 instruction sets, addressing modes, bit level operations. Arithmetic routines, counting and timing under interrupt control, keyboard and display interface routines, accessing lookup tables.
Software development systems. Assemblers and simulators. Microcontroller based system design and applications.
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Group A
Synchronous motor analysis taking armature resistance into account, vector diagrams, power circle and excitation circle—diagrams. Performance calculations under various operating conditions.
The equation of motion or 'swing' equation for synchronous motors and generators. Solutions of linearized swing equation, small oscillations of synchronous machines. Hunting of synchronous motors, elements of large oscillation of synchronous machines, concept of transient stability.
Starting of synchronous motors with the help of damper windings, George's phenomenon. Brushless excitation of synchronous generators and motors.
Synchronousinduction motor: Slipring induction motor run as synchronous motor.Different types of motor excitation. Starting and running characteristicscombined synchronous motor and induction motor circle diagrams, performance calculation, design features.
Concept of negative sequence and zero sequence reactances of synchronous machines.
Group B
Inverter operation of induction motors, space and time harmonies and their effects on the performance of induction motors.
Induction generators; Operation from busbars, selfexcitation equivalent circuits and performance—its utility in wind power generation.
A.C. commutator machines: General construction. Derivation of generalized expressions: (a) Transformer e.m.f. and rotational e.m.f's in phase windings; (b) Transformer and rotational e.m.f's in commutator windings, uncompensated and compensated series motor: vector diagrams, circle diagram, operational characteristics and design features.
Variable reluctance and fractional and subfractional h.p. motors: Different types of reluctance and stepper motors, permanent magnet motors, derivation of performance equations. Control schemes and performance.
Group A
Basic concepts. Dynamics of electric drives.
Mechanical system  different speed/torque characteristics of different frictional system, windage torque. NT characteristics of deferent industrial systems, four quadrant operation of drive systems, dynamic conditions of a drive system, steady state and transient stability of electrical drive.
Drive motors: DC motor, threephase induction motor and synchronous motor characteristics require power losses, temperature restrictions, heating and cooling, different modes of operation (continuous/short lime intermittent duty/periodic intermittent duty), selection of motors.
Drive motor power supply: A general survey of different power supply systems for motor drive. Phase controlled line commutated converters.
DC choppers.
Inverters.
Cyclo converters. AC voltage controllers.
Group B
Control of electric motors: DC drives  single phase and 3 phase converter drives. Chopper drives, closed loop control of DC motor.
AC drives: 3 phase induction motor control, starter voltage control/rotor voltage control, voltage and frequency control, current control, closed loop control of 30 induction motor.
Synchronous motor control: Voltage and frequency control, closed loop control of synchronous motors.
Group A
Radiation and vision: Physics of lightwave theory, quantum theory, unified theory, photon generation, visible wavelength range, standard observer curve, different forms of energy converted to visible radiation, spectral power distribution curve.
Quantities, units, standards and measurement: Luminous energy, luminous flux, spectral radiant flux, solid angle, luminous intensity, luminance, illuminance, luminous efficacy.
Colour temperature, colour rendering index, reflectance, diffuser, etc. Lambert's cosine law, inverse square law and cosine law of illumination. Polar curve, Roussea's diagram, illuminance (flux) meter, bench photometer (intensity measurement), integrating sphere (flux measurement).
Optical system of human eye.
Sources of light: Construction and electrical circuits of different sources of light, filament lamps, halogen temps, discharge lamps  sodium and mercury high pressure discharge lamps, tube and CFL lamps.
Lighting calculations for indoor and outdoor applications: Shop lighting, factory lighting, street lighting, flood lighting.
Group B
Electric heating, welding and electroplating: Induction heating—principle of operation, scope of high frequency and low frequency heating, induction heating, power supplies at different frequencies.
Induction heating furnaces—coreless and core types.
Arc heating: AC arc heating—different arc electrodes, direct and indirect arc furnace and their power supply systems, electrode regulators, condition for maximum output, necessity of reactor in arc furnace, general arc furnace transformer construction, energy balance in arc furnace, advantages of direct arc furnaces.
DC arc furnace supply system, different bottom electrodes, twin shell DC EAF (electrode arc furnace) system, advantages of DC arc heating.
Dielectric heating: Principle of operation, choice of voltage and frequency, electrode configuration.
Resistance heating: Different resistance heating materials and their properties, causes of failures.
Direct and indirect resistance heating furnace. Design of resistance elements.
Electric welding: Resistance and arc welding and equipment for such welding.
Electrolysis: Application of electrolysis, electro deposition, electro extraction, electro refining.
Group A
Continuoustime systems: Performance specifications in timedomain and frequency domain. Correlation between time domain and frequency domain specifications.
Error coefficients. Design approaches. Frequency domain vs. Splane design. Types of compensation. Controllability and observability of control systems.
Cascade compensation: Lead, lag, and laglead compensators. Use of Bode diagram. Root locus, and Nyquist diagram for compensator design. Feedback compensator design, use of inverse Nyquist diagram, minor loop feedback compensation. PID controllers. Linear state variable feedback. Pole placement using state variable feedback.
Nonlinear systems: Types of common nonlinearities. Properties of nonlinear systems. Available techniques for analysing nonlinear systems. Linearising approximations. Describing function techniques. Detecting limit crycling and instability. Phase plane methods. Lyapunov's stability criterion. Popov's Method for stability analysis of nonlinear systems.
Group B
Discretetime systems: Introduction to discretetime systems.
Ztransforms, inverse Ztransforms and bilinear transformations.
Pulse transfer functions. Tune response of sampled data systems. Effect of sample hold and dead times.
Frequency response: Bode plots, polar plots and gain (db) vs. phase plots. Stability using Jury criterion, RouthHurwitz criterion, Nyquist criterion, Bode plot and root locus. Design of compensators in Zdomain and Wdomain.
State space representation of discrete systems and sampleddata systems. Deriving Ztransfer function model from state model of discrete systems. Solving timeinvariant state equations. State transition matrix. Controllability and observability of timeinvariant discrete systems.
Group A
Process control principles, process control block
diagram, loop components—sensor and transmitter, controller, final control element. Process transfer functions  process lag and dead time, selfregulating and nonselfregulating processes.
Process instrumentation diagram: Symbols and interconnections.
Process control sensors and transmitter, thermal sensors, mechanical sensors, analog signal conditioning— instrumentation amplifier, signal isolation, and filter.
Analog signal transmission systems.
Analog process controller, P, PI, PD and PID modes of operation, controllertuning methods, onoff controllers, antiintegral windup, antiderivative kick and controller saturation. Velocity or incremental controller. Design of analog process controller. Pneumatic process controllerspneumatic amplifiers and relays.
Digital process controllers—theory. Digital controller in a process control loop, analogtodigital and digitaltoanalog converters. Realization of digital controller.
Final control elements: Actuators, positioners and control valves.
Recorders: Analog, digital and data loggers.
Group B
Control loop characteristics. Controllability and stabilityroot locus and Bode plot techniques.
Control schemes. Ratiocontrol, cascade control, feed forward control and multiloop controlP1D control. Process loop tuningprocess reaction method. ZieglerNichols method and frequency response methods.
Characteristics of chemical processes. Heat exchangers, distillation columns, chemical reactors, pH and blending processes, delay time and its effect. Flow control, pressure control, level control, and temperature control. Boiler controlfeed water control, drumlevel control, combustion control and 3point control.
Computer control of processes. Direct digital control and supervisory control. Adaptive control systems.
Group A
Instrument performance characteristics and specifications: Static and dynamic, analog and digital instruments. Errors in measurements—error, correction, precision, accuracy, statistical analysis of errors, mean, median, mode, standard deviation. Confidence intervals.
Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO), use of CRO in voltage measurements and waveform display.
Measurements of kVAh and kVARh in threephase load, trivector meter, summation metering, summation current transformer.
Use of IVD in impedance comparison, low resistance comparison by using IVD.
Study of bridge balance convergence and bridge sensitivity in fourarm a.c. bridges, quad bridge for comparison of resistance with standard calculable capacitor.
Group B
A/D and D/A converters, digital voltmeters and multimeters, use of flipflop circuits in updown couwnters, digital displays.
Electrical transducers, linear variable differential transformers (LVDT), strain gauge, fluid flow and pressure measurements, temperature transducer, light and radiation transducer.
Introduction to instrumentation amplifier, CMRR and active filter, sample and hold circuit, data transmission in digital instrument systems and PC, IEEE488 bus, introduction to long distance data transmission (modems).
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